In India, approximately 35 per cent of women including young girls suffer from PCOD (polycystic ovarian syndrome), also known as PCOD (polycystic ovarian disease).
The symptoms vary from woman to woman but generally the main symptoms are:
- Infrequent menstrual periods or no menstrual periods or irregular bleeding
- Increased hair growth on face, chest stomach, back thumbs and toes,
- Infertility due to lack of ovulation
- Acne and oily skin
- High blood pressure
- Weight gain
- Type 2 Diabetes
- Thinning hair
- High cholesterol
- Sleep apnoea
- Mood swings and irritability
- Patches of dark skin
There is no cure for PCOD, but each of the symptoms can be managed individually. To relieve symptoms of PCOD it is essential to keep healthy food habits. Regular exercise and a healthy diet will help the body to lower glucose levels and to use insulin more efficiently. Even a slight loss of body weight can help to regulate the menstrual cycle.
Women suffering from PCOD require general and medical interventions so that they do not suffer more. As a result, it is important to undergo different checkups and tests to understand the seriousness of problem. Blood tests are helpful in determining the disturbance in menstruation and changes in hormone levels. Ultrasound scan helps study the extent of cysts and irregular shape of ovaries.
Once the results of the tests are out it reveals the actual status of PCOD, the patient can be treated with medications as per requirements. Medicines are used to help stabilize insulin levels by reducing to required proportions. The regular doses help in restoring fertility and regularizing menstruation. One of the best benefits is derived with a control on weight. The doses also help in treating some of the medical conditions like endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial cancer. These medicines are often categorized under diet. Hormonal drugs and medicines are required in case of hormonal imbalances in body.
To know more about PCOD treatment
If you are suffering from PCOD and want to visit a gynaecologist for its treatment, Dr.Sukirti Jain is a leading name. She is one of the prominent Obstetricians and Gynaecologists from Navi Mumbai. She has a wide range of experience in the field of obstetrics and has handled numerous case of PCOD. She is also associated with top hospitals such as Fortis Hospital in Vashi.